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Tuesday, April 3, 2012

Supreme Court : Article 21-A (Right To Elementary Education )

Supreme Court : Article 21-A (Right To Elementary Education )

The power  of the Supreme Court of India to enforce these fundamental rights is derived from Article 32 of the Constitution. It gives citizens the right to directly approach the Supreme Court for seeking remedies against the violation of these fundamental rights.
This entitlement to constitutional remedies is itself a fundamental right and can be enforced in the form of  writs evolved in common law – such as habeas corpus (to direct the release of a person detained unlawfully), mandamus (to direct a public authority to do its duty),  quo warranto (to
direct a person to vacate an office assumed wrongfully),  prohibition (to prohibit a lower court from proceeding on a case) and certiorari (power of the higher court to remove a proceeding from a lower court and bring it before itself). Besides the Supreme Court, the High Courts located in the
various States are also designated  as constitutional courts and Article 226 permits citizens to file similar writs before the High Courts. 

With the advent of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in recent decades, Article 32 has been creatively interpreted to shape innovative remedies such as a ‘continuing mandamus’ for ensuring that executive  agencies comply with judicial directions. In this category of litigation, judges have also imported private law remedies such as ‘injunctions’ and ‘stay orders’ into what are essentially public law-related matters.

Successful challenges against statutory provisions result in reliefs such as the striking down of
statutes or even reading down of statutes, the latter implying that courts reject a particular approach to the  interpretation of a statutory provision rather than rejecting the provision in its entirety

The court has also recognized access to free education as a justiciable right. This decision prompted a Constitutional amendment which inserted Article 21-A into the Constitutional text, thereby guaranteeing the right to elementary education for children aged between 6-14 years. The Courts have
also pointed to Directive principles in interpreting the  prohibitions against forced labour and child labour. The enforcement of these rights leaves a lot to be desired, but the symbolic value of their constitutional status should not be underestimated


Source : http://www.supremecourtofindia.nic.in/speeches/speeches_2009/judicial_activism_tcd_dublin_14-10-09.pdf
*****************
THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY-SIXTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2002
[12th December, 2002.]

2. Insertion of new article 21A.- After article 21 of the Constitution, the following article shall be inserted, namely:-
Right to education.-
 "21A. The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such
manner as the State may, by law, determine.".

Source : http://indiacode.nic.in/coiweb/amend/amend86.htm

39 comments:

sunil kumar said...

SARKAR SHIKSHA MAFIYA KE DABAW MEIN HAI.

ISI LIYE TET KO RADDKAR ACADEMIC BHARTI CHAHTI HAI.

TAKI UNKI SHIKSHA KI DUKANE CHALTI RAHEN.

sunil kumar said...

SARKAR SHIKSHA MAFIYA KE DABAW MEIN HAI.

ISI LIYE TET KO RADDKAR ACADEMIC BHARTI CHAHTI HAI.

TAKI UNKI SHIKSHA KI DUKANE CHALTI RAHEN.

Rashid said...

Akilesh ji educated person hain, unse ye ummid nhi thi ki wo acadmic(nakal) ko importance denge

¥ AMIT SINGH ¥ said...

Please any body tell me...
Kya shiksha mitro ko bhi training ke baad TET qualify karna hoga?

Amit kashyap said...

सरकार को U P BOARD को ही समाप्त कर देना चाहिए
और केवल सम्पूर्णानंद UNI. को ही मान्यता देँ ताकि सभी को घर बैठे ही high percentage marksheet प्राप्त हो जाये....
what's ur comment please reply me.

Blog Editor said...

@ ¥ AMIT SINGH ¥ ,
Yes, TET is Must to become teacher for class -I to VIII
Please see NCTE guidelines

Amit kashyap said...

Please wait till new govt. order
I think tet is complesory for anybody who will be a teacher.

baruta said...

can take it Seriously.
कृपया ध्यान रखें: अपनी राय देते समय
अभद्र शब्द या भाषा का प्रयोग न करें।
अभद्र शब्दों या भाषा का इस्तेमाल
आपको इस साइट पर राय देने से
प्रतिबंधित किए जाने का कारण बन
सकता है। टिप्पणी लेखक का व्यक्तिगत
विचार है और इसका संपादकीय नीति से
कोई संबंध नहीं है। प्रासंगिक
टिप्पणियां प्रकाशित की जाएंगी।
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8 comments:
sunil kumar Apr 3, 2012 08:21
AM
SARKAR SHIKSHA MAFIYA KE
DABAW MEIN HAI.
ISI LIYE TET KO RADDKAR
ACADEMIC BHARTI CHAHTI HAI.
TAKI UNKI SHIKSHA KI DUKANE
CHALTI RAHEN.
Reply
sunil kumar Apr 3, 2012 08:23
AM
SARKAR SHIKSHA MAFIYA KE
DABAW MEIN HAI.
ISI LIYE TET KO RADDKAR
ACADEMIC BHARTI CHAHTI HAI.
TAKI UNKI SHIKSHA KI DUKANE
CHALTI RAHEN.
Reply
Rashid Apr 3, 2012 08:29 AM
Akilesh ji educated person hain,
unse ye ummid nhi thi ki wo
acadmic(nakal) ko importance
denge
Reply
¥ AMIT SINGH ¥ Apr 3, 2012
08:30 AM
Please any body tell me...
Kya shiksha mitro ko bhi
training ke baad TET qualify
karna hoga?
Reply
Amit kashyap Apr 3,
2012 08:43 AM
Please wait till new govt.
order
I think tet is complesory
for anybody who will be
a teacher.
Amit kashyap Apr 3, 2012
08:35 AM
सरकार को U P BOARD को ही समाप्त
कर देना चाहिए
और केवल सम्पूर्णानंद UNI.
को ही मान्यता देँ ताकि सभी को घर बैठे
ही high percentage marksheet
प्राप्त हो जाये....
what's ur comment please reply
me.
Reply
Blog Editor Apr 3, 2012
08:38 AM
@ ¥ AMIT SINGH ¥ ,
Yes, TET is Must to become
teacher for class -I to VIII
Please see NCTE guidelines
Reply
baruta Apr 3, 2012 08:43 AM
tet nirast hokar rahegi..abki
hume phir se chance dena
chahiye
Reply

baruta said...

टिप्पणी लेखक का व्यक्तिगत
विचार है

Rahul supp. Tet said...

There is a very big game playing by goverment.yanha niyamavali badalne ke karan case court me jana taye hai.court ke dicision ke vina koi bhi nae barthy bhi nahi ho sakti aur upper se ncte ka davao teacher bharti ke liye.mujhe aisa lagta hai ki sapa apne menifesto me kiye gaye promish ki shishamitro ko regular teacher karne ka faisla emergency me le sakti hai.its my only thought that i fear.

baruta said...

Public Interest Litigation
Remedies - Public Interest
Litigation (PIL) - Part: 1
We briefly dealt with Public
Interest Litigation in the earlier
Project on "Knowledge of Law
Essential for Public Servants".
For your beneift the biref is
reproduced hereunder:
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL)
can be filed in any High Court
or directly in the Supreme
Court. It is not necessary that
the petitioner has suffered
some injury of his own or has
had personal grievance to
litigate. PIL is a right given to
the socially conscious member
or a public spirited NGO to
espouse a public cause by
seeking judicial for redressal of
public injury. Such injury may
arise from breach of public
duty or due to a violation of
some provision of the
Constitution. Public interest
litigation is the device by
which public participation in
judicial review of
administrative action is
assured. It has the effect of
making judicial process little
more democratic.
According to the guidelines of
the Supreme Court any member
of public having sufficient
interest may maintain an
action or petition by way of
PIL provided: -
» There is a personal injury or
injury to a disadvantaged
section of the population for
whom access to legal justice
system is difficult,
» The person bringing the
action has sufficient interest to
maintain an action of public
injury,
» The injury must have arisen
because of breach of public
duty or violation of the
Constitution or of the law,
It must seek enforcement of
such public duty and
observance of the
constitutional law or legal
provisions.
» This is a powerful safeguard
and has provided immense
social benefits, where there is
essentially failure on the part
of the execute to ameliorate
the problems of the oppressed
citizens. Considering the
importance of ths subject,
three articles from the web on
the subject are reproduced
hereunder.
Introduction
The Emergency of 1976
marked not just a political
watershed in this country, but
a judicial one as well. In the
euphoria of the return to
democracy and in an attempt
to refurbish its image that had
been tarnished by some
Emergency decisions, the
Supreme Court of India opened
the floodgates to public
interest litigation (PIL). under
PIL, courts take up cases that
concern not the rights of the
petitioner but of the public at
large. In the last two decades,
PIL has emerged as one of the
most powerful tools for
promoting social justice and
for protecting the rights of the
poor.
Among the numerous
factors that have
contributed to the growth
of PIL in this country, the
following deserve special
mention:
» The character of the Indian
Constitution. Unlike Britain,
India has a written
constitution which through
Part III (Fundamental Rights)
and Part IV (Directive Principles
of State Policy) provides a
framework for regulating
relations between the state
and its citizens and between
citizens inter-se.
» India has some of the most
progressive social legislation to
be found anywhere in the
world whether it be relating to
bonded labor, minimum wages,
land ceiling, environmental
protection, etc. This has made it
easier for the courts to haul up
the executive when it is not
performing its duties in
ensuring the rights of the poor
as per the law of the land.
»

Rahul supp. Tet said...

These days i saw that shichamitra are very happy and glad.i dont know why.or something they know good about thier future.

Amit kashyap said...

Sorry barute

Blog Editor said...

@Rahul jee,
TET can't violated.

But haan niyam badalkar naklee koshish ho saktee hai, kyonkee log court mein jayenge.

Aur fir bhrtee latak jayengee.

PIL in Supreme Court / Highcourt can be filed.
Best in Supreme Court, How much expenditure incurred that I don't know.
--------
Lekin wait for Govt. stand on TET issue as per asuurance to decide in meeting this week.

Blog Editor said...

Mujhe Lagta Hai,

Kee Jab TET ka mamla court mein hai, Tab tak Niyam nahin badala ja sakta,

Kyonkee Niyam Badalne ka matlab hee hai -> Vigyapan Radd

Decision Sarkar ko nahin dena , court ko dena hai. Haan sarkar kaise is case ko handle kartee hai , kya tathya detee hai.
In sabhee par nirbhar hai vigyapan ka fesla.

Blog Editor said...

Koee Baruta kee Naam Rakh kar comment de raha hai, Kal jab uskee profile dekhee thee to uskee 200 se jyada profile views hueee thee.

Par is Baruta kee - 105 baar.

Rahul supp. Tet said...

Muskan ji i just wants to know that can goverment fill up these vacency by sichamitra.please reply mam.

sunil kumar said...

@BARUTA,

AUR SABHI KA VICHAR TO VAKTIGAT HAI

BUT BARUTA KI TIPPADI SARKARI HAI.

sandeep-sujit said...

aur rahi hamari ekta ki baat to hum woh kitni majboot hai ki hum aaj tak court mein ek yachika bhi nahi dal payeen hai. allahabad aur lucknow ke applicant ka yeh dayitva tha kyounki highcourt bhi wahin hai. kuldeep yadab ne bhi kya chanda lagakar yachika dali thi?

Rahul supp. Tet said...

Mai etna toh janta hoo ki case hum logo ke jitne ke 100 parcents chance hai.par usme time lag sakta hai.lekin hamare garwalo ki ummide hum logo se etni hai ki hum aur time nahi le sakte.mujhe etna toh pata hai ki jinhone tet pass kiya umhone vakae me bahut mehnat ki aur etna bhi pata hai en sabhi tet pass student mansik roop se etne majboot ho gaye hai ki ye sabhi kahi na kahi achi job pa jayege.

sandeep-sujit said...

agar pil daalni hai to jahan highcourt hain wahan ke candidate dal sakte hain allahabad aur lucknow ke nahi tet andolan ki to acchi kashi beizzati ho chuki hai iska netratva labar sabar logon ke haath mein hai pahle to sachiv se bhi baat karne se inkar aur phir sdm ke kehne bhar se woh bhi yeh ki akhilesh se bhent karwa denge jabki abhi bped aur anya bin kisi rukawat ke cm se mill ke aayen hai aur yahan cm se milne ke liye bhi anshan karna pada aur mamla tayn tayn fisssss.........

aditya said...

ADITYA FAIZABAD,FUDAMAENTEL RIGHT (mool addhikar) to hamare samvidhan me diya hai.lekin hamare desh me uska implementation khaha theek se hota hai.politician ke aage to court ko bhi kai bar sakht comment dene padtey hai.

dr.amit agrahari president tet pass morcha gorakhpur maharajganj 9452061561 uptet@india.com said...

muskan g is samay sabhi titian apas mai bacho ki tarah lad rahe hai har koi acd ki bat kar raha hai jab sabko pata hai ki bgair tet ke koi job nahi milani hai to ye bar 2 acd pe discus q ho raha hai aur han jab bhi bharti hoga tet ki merit se hi hoga ya isme h+i+g+b.ed+tet ki merit jodi jaigi dusra koi vikalp nahi hai phir sab logo ko ek sur ye mang karni chahiae ki graduate+b.ed.+tet ki merit bane

sachin baliyan said...

m

MOHD. RASHID AZAD said...

JAI HIND.......
DOSTO KAISE HAI AP SAB....

baruta said...

hey its baruta nt barute

baruta said...

@sunil
ye kya majak laga rakha hai

baruta said...

टिप्पणी लेखक का व्यक्तिगत
विचार है और इसका संपादकीय नीति से
कोई संबंध नहीं है।

baruta said...

Koee mera Naam Rakh kar
comment de raha hai, Kal jab
uskee profile dekhee thee to
uskee 200 se jyada profile views
hueee thee.
Par is Baruta kee - 105 baar.
Main orginal baruta hu aur 200 wala fake baruta hai

Amit kashyap said...

Gd. n8 evrybody.

admin said...

please visit www.onlytetmerit.blogspot.com

SINGH said...

ME APSE SAHMAT HU TET MORCHA SE MEETING ME YADI CM TET MERIT PAR AGREE NAHI HOTE TO YAH BICH KA RASTA NIKALA JA SAKTA HAI YAH SABHI TET CANDIDATES KE LIYE ACHHA HAI AUR UP BOARD WALO KA AHIT NAHI HOGA

Tulsi said...

Important Link-

http://epaper.amarujala.com/svww_zoomart.php?Artname=20120404a_005163008&ileft=-5&itop=865&zoomRatio=130&AN=20120404a_005163008

baruta said...

tu tulsi tet ke aangan ki
tet nirast hone wala hai

Tulsi said...

is liye bolta hoon merit par mat lado.

TET ke liye lado

TET & ACD ek dusere par aarop mat lagao ki ye acha hai to ye hacha hai.

Patachala chala ladte rahin hum khir khaye koi our

So pahele TET bacho

DEV said...

HELLO FRIENDS!
MAIN PICHLE 4 MONTH SE IS BLOG PER VISIT KAR RAHA HOON.MAIN NE 1995 MEIN B.Ed. KIYA THA US SAMAY LOG B.Ed. KI TARAF KAM HI DHYAN DIYA KARTE THE.US SAMAY B.U. UNIVERSITY MEIN ONLY 800 SEATS THI JO 5 COLLEGE ME BANTI THI.US SAMAY 800 ME SE KEWAL 589 HI PASS HUYE THE .JISME 102 FIRST 203 SECOND BAKI THIRD .US DAURAN % BHI KAFI KAM RAHTI THI. 1998 MAIN 1ST TIME RAVINDRA SHUKLA BASIC SHIKHA MANTRI NE PRIMARY ME 3500 B Ed WALO KO NAUKRI DE.USKE BAD SE BHRTI PRAKRIYA HAMESA HI VIVAD GRIST RAHI.HER BHARTI PRAKRIYA ME NIYAM BADLE GAYE. KABHI 3 KA GUDANK, KABHI 4 KA GUDANK ,KABHI DISTRICT LEVEL KI MERIT,KABHI STATE LEVEL KI MARIT, KABHI AGE MATTER, KABHI % KO LEKAR VIVAD. HER BAR MERE JAISE VARISTHA B.Ed.BALE BAHAR HOTE GAYE.LEKIN GOVT.CHAHE WAH BJP HO,SP HO,BSP HO KESE NE BHI BASIC SHIKHA KE NIYAM KA PALAN NAHI KIYA.SAB CHOR HE.PICHLE 12 BERSH HUM LOG CASE LADTE AA RAHE HAIN.AJ BHI CASE NO.57595 /2007 HC ALLAHABAD ME PENDING HE.PURE CASE KE 3 BAR SUNBAI HO CHUKI HE LAKIN KISE BHI JUDGE NE JUDGEMENT NAHI DIYA.SAB GOVT. KE DABAB ME KAM KER RAHE HAIN.AJ JAB KI TET ME MERE 120 MARKS.(ACD WEEK HE)KAYON KI US SAMAY (1985 -1998)UP BOARD KI KYA POSITION THI YE KISE SE CHUPA NAHI HE.AJ JB KI MERE JAISE KAI B.Ed.WALE BHAIYO KA YE AKHRI CHANCE (DUE TO OVER AGE ).AB YE MAMLA LATAK GAYA.

DEV said...

AB TET MARIT WALE KAHTE HAI KI BHARTI TET MERIT SE HO ACD WALE KAHTE HI KI BHARTI ACD SE HO MERE JAISE SENIOR KAHTE HI KI BHARTI VRISTHA SE HO.MERE FRIENDS KE PAS CASE NO. 57595/2007 KI SERTIFIED PURI COPY HI.ABHI MANE BLOG EDITOR KA COMMENTS PDA KI JAB TAK KOI MATTER COURT ME HI GOVT. BHARTI RULING ME CHANGE NAHI KER SAKTI TO FIR GOVT. NE RULING KAISE CHANGE KER DE.JAB KI CASE NO. 57595/2007 ME HUM LOGO NE BASIC SHIKHA KE BHRTI RULE KO CHALLENGE KIYA HE.

DEV said...

AP LOGO KO SHAYAD MALOOM HO 2003 ME BASIC SHIKHA ADHIKARION NE EK ADVER. NIKALA THA (ONLY)BTC CANDIDATES KE LIYE LAKIN USME B.Ed. WALO NE BHI AVEDAN KIYA THA.PURWANCHAL UP KE 1 ADHIKARI NE BED WALO KO HC KE ORDER PER NEYUKTI DE DEE. HC KAHA THA KI AGAR BTC WALE MUJOOD NA HO TO BED WALO KO NIYUKTI DI JA SAKATI HI IS ORDER PER ADIKARI NE NIYUKTI DE DE THI. BAD ME WAH ADHIKARI SUSPEND HO GAYA THA.LAKIN HC NE WAH NEYUKTI WAHAL KAR DE .AUR AB SC (DUBBLE BEN) NE BHI US PER APNI MUHAR LAGA DE.

DEV said...

MAINE KAI LOGO SE SALAH LE AUR PAYA KI KOI AESA TARIKA HO JISME SABHI LOGO KA BHLA HO CHAHE WAH ACD WALE HO, CHAHE TET MERIT WALE, CHAHE WAH SENIORS HO.