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Friday, January 15, 2016

CTET Study Material

CTET Study Material

Q1. A teacher gives students that following mathematics problem. Reading on a school bus are 20 students in first grade, 10 in second grade, 9 in third grade, and 7 in fourth grade. Approximately what percent of the students on the bus are in first grade?

Which of the following student responses best answers the question?

                1. Student A: 26%

                2. Student B: 43%

                3. Student C: 46%

                4. Student D: 73%

Option 2 is the correct answer. Percent refers to how many out of one hundred or, in decimal form, how many hundredths. To find a percent, divide the group 20 by the total 46, and round the decimal to the hundredths place 0.43. This is 43 hundredths, 0r 43/100 or 43%. Students B answered the question correctly. Student A subtracted the number of students 46 on the bus. Student C added together all of the students on the bus. Student D subtracted the total number of students on the bus 46 from 100.

Q2. A fifth grade teacher has provided each student with centimeter grid paper and scissors to explore how some two dimensional shapes can be folded in to three dimensional figures. Which of the following concepts are the students exploring?

                1. Rotations       

                2. Reflections

                3. Nets

                4. Tessellations

Option 3 is the correct answer. A net is a closed plane figure that can be folded into a closed three dimensional figure. A rotation refers to figure turning around a point. A reflection refers to a transformation in which a figure is flipped over a line. In a tessellation a figure or pattern of figure is repeated to cover a flat surface.

Q1. Which of the following correctly states an aspect of effective reflective teaching practice?

1.       Peer coaching should be done sparingly because it can interfere with a coach’s own reflective potential

2.       To remain truly professional, reflective practice should exclude student input that challenges teaching practices

3.       The reflective process should be free of links to conceptual framework that limit inquiry and problem solving

4.       Teacher coaches should create an environment of trust and builds a context for reflection that is unique to every learning situations

Answer: The best answer is 4. Trust is essential to teaching contexts that enhance reflective practice. Option 2 is not the correct answer because, Students input would be useful for teaching practices, but would not promote reflection

Option 3 is not the correct answer because conceptual frameworks do not limit enquiry, rather they focus and provide discipline for the reflective processes. Option 1 is not the correct answer because the collaboration between peers in a coaching situation promotes reflection.
Q2. “Shooting stars” that appear in the night sky are most likely to be

1.       Particles of exploding stars

2.       Comets passing near earth

3.       Meteors passing into Earth’s atmosphere

4.       Northern or southern lights caused by magnetic storms on the Sun
Answer: Option 3. Shooting stars are meteors that have entered into Earth’s atmosphere where frictional heating has caused them to glow.

Q3. The original price of a certain car was 25 percent greater than its cost to the dealer. The actual selling price was 25 percent less than the original price. If m is the cost of the car and s is the selling price, which of the following represents s in terms of m?

1.       S=1.00m

2.       S=1.25m

3.       S=0.25 (0.75m)

4.       S=0.75 (1.25m)

Answer: The correct answer is option 4
The question asks to apply the knowledge of percent increase or decrease to determine selling price based on cost m, in the question the original price of the car was, m+0.25m=1.25m, the selling price was, s=1.25m-0.25(1.25m)=1.25m(1-0.25), which is equal to (1.25m) (0.75)

Q1. The area of a square field is 24200 sq m. How long will a lady take to cross the field diagonally at the rate of 6.6km/hr.?

Q2. Which of the following is something that should almost always be discussed with students when they are given a type of assignment that may be new to them?
1.      Whether the students will be tested on the material covered in the assignment
2.      Whether the assignment will be graded according to the same criteria as other assignments with which students are familiar

3.      What the students can expect to learn from doing the assignment
4.      What kind of prior experience the teacher has had with this type of assignment
Q3. A piece of paper that appears blue in sunlight is illuminated solely by a red light hat is passed through a green filter. What color does the paper appear under this illumination?

1.       Blue
2.       Green
3.       Red
4.       Black
Please find the correct alternative for the above questions and discuss the related concepts...

Directions : Answer the following questions by  selecting the most appropriate option.
1. ‘‘Development is a never ending process.’’ This idea is associated with
(1) Principle of integration
(2) Principle of interaction
(3) Principle of interrelation
(4) Principle of continuity

2. Four distinct stages of children’s intellectual development are identified by
(1) Skinner
(2) Piaget
(3) Kohlberg

(4) Erikson

Directions : Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.

1. Which is true for a hexagonal pyramid ?

(1) It has six faces and each face is a hexagon
(2) It has a hexagonal base with six triangular faces meeting at a point
(3) It has two hexagonal faces and six rectangular faces
(4) It has six hexagonal faces joined by six rectangular faces

2. The length of a rectangle is ‘l’ and its width is
half of its length. What will be the perimeter of the rectangle if the length is doubled keeping the width same ?

(1) 4l

(2) 5l
(3) 6l

(4) 3l

Directions : Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.

1. Parents should play a ___________ role in the learning process of young children.

(1) sympathetic
(2) neutral
(3) negative
(4) proactive

2. The ‘insight theory of learning’ is promoted by

(1) Jean Piaget
(2) Vygotsky
(3) ‘Gestalt’ theorists
(4) Pavlov

Directions : Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.

1. Motivation, in the process of learning,

(1) makes learners think unidirectionally
(2) creates interest for learning among young learners
(3) sharpens the memory of learners
(4) differentiates new learning from old learning

2. Which of the following is not a sign of an intelligent young child ?

(1) One who carries on thinking in an abstract manner
(2) One who can adjust oneself in a new environment
(3) One who has the ability to cram long essays very quickly
(4) One who has the ability to communicate fluently and appropriately

 Tip: Reflect on your answers and comment on why you think your answer choice is correct

Directions : Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.

A. Which is the place where the child’s ‘cognitive’ development is defined in the best way ?

(1) Auditorium
(2) Home
(3) Playground
(4) School and classroom environment

B. The stage in which a child begins to think logically about objects and events is known as

(1) Pre-operational stage
(2) Concrete operational stage
(3) Sensori-motor stage
(4) Formal operational stage

Directions : Answer the following questions by selecting the most appropriate option.

A. Which of the following is not related to the socio-psychological needs of the child?

(1) Regular elimination of waste products from the body
(2) Need for company
(3) Need for appreciation or social approval
(4) Need for emotional security

B. Which of the following will foster creativity among learners ?

(1) Emphasizing achievement goals from the beginning of school life
(2) Coaching students for good marks in examination
(3) Teaching the students the practical value of good education
(4) Providing opportunities to question and to nurture the innate talents of every learner

Tip: Analyse the choices and reflect on your answer.

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